The medial malleolus fracture is a fracture of the medial malleolus. Now, wondering what the medial malleolus is? That would take a little explanation from my side and a little more time from your side. Our lower leg consists of two long bones, viz. tibia and fibula. Towards the tibia’s lower extremity there is a bony prominence on the ankle’s side which we call the medial malleolus. Aversion forces that lead to an ankle sprain, lower leg fractures, foot fractures etc. are what are known to cause a medial malleolus fracture .
A lateral malleolus fracture commonly occurs in association with a rolled ankle particularly with significant weight bearing forces. They may also occur due to an awkward landing from a jump (particularly on uneven surfaces), due to a fall or following a direct blow to the outer ankle. Lateral malleolus fractures are common in running and jumping sports involving change of direction such as football, soccer, rugby, basketball and netball.
A lateral malleolus fracture is relatively common among the elderly, but can also occur in the younger patient. Often a fracture of the lateral malleolus occurs in combination with a sprained ankle or other fractures of the foot, ankle or lower leg (such as following trauma). There are many different types of ankle fractures; the point is that every ankle fracture must be treated individually.
If there is no kind of displacement involved in the medial malleolus fracture , the use of crutches, casts or protective boots that immobilize the injured foot are enough for the fracture to heal. In case there is a displacement involved, the bone would have to be re-aligned and fixed with the help of screws and plates; this technique is called anatomical reduction.